Agreement Mean in Spanish: Understanding the Basics

Agreement in Spanish is a fundamental concept that any language learner needs to master to attain fluency. It is an essential aspect of grammar that enables us to communicate effectively with native Spanish speakers. In this article, we will delve into what agreement means in Spanish, how it affects the language`s structure, and some guidelines for its correct usage.

What is Agreement in Spanish?

In Spanish, agreement refers to the agreement or matching of certain elements of the sentence. It entails ensuring that the verb agrees with the subject in terms of gender and number, the adjective agrees with the noun it describes, and the pronoun matches the gender and number of the noun it replaces. Agreement is vital in Spanish because it helps to convey the intended meaning and creates coherence in the language.

Agreement between Verbs and Subjects

One of the fundamental rules of agreement in Spanish is that the verb must agree with the subject in terms of gender and number. For example, if the subject is a masculine singular noun, the verb must also be in the masculine singular form. Likewise, if the subject is feminine and plural, the verb must be in the feminine and plural form. Some examples of this agreement include:

• Juan baila (Juan dances) – Here, the singular masculine subject `Juan` is matched with the masculine singular verb `baila.`

• Las chicas bailan (The girls dance) – In this case, the feminine plural subject `las chicas` is matched with the feminine plural verb `bailan.`

Agreement between Adjectives and Nouns

Another aspect of agreement in Spanish is the agreement between adjectives and nouns. Adjectives are modifiers that describe the noun`s characteristics, and they must match the gender and number of the noun they describe. For example:

• La casa blanca (The white house) – The feminine noun `casa` is matched with the feminine adjective `blanca.`

• Los zapatos rojos (The red shoes) – The masculine plural noun `zapatos` is matched with the masculine plural adjective `rojos.`

Agreement between Pronouns and Nouns

Pronouns are essential elements of speech that replace nouns, and they must match the gender and number of the noun they replace. For instance:

• Él es mi hermano (He is my brother) – The masculine singular pronoun `él` replaces the masculine singular noun `hermano.`

• Ellas son mis amigas (They are my friends) – In this example, the feminine plural pronoun `ellas` replaces the feminine plural noun `amigas.`


Agreement is a crucial aspect of Spanish grammar that language learners need to understand thoroughly to communicate effectively. Correct agreement between verbs and subjects, adjectives and nouns, and pronouns and nouns drives the language`s flow and ensures coherence. By keeping these fundamental rules in mind, you can build a strong foundation in Spanish and advance in your language skills.